Flowtime: a form of decimal time
by Jesse Yoder
Most people take our time system for granted. If someone
asks ďWhat time is it?Ē there usually isnít a lot of controversy
about what system of time is being used. Nearly everyone worldwide uses a
common system of time based on 24 hours in a day, 60 minutes per hour, and
60 seconds per minute. The only relativity that enters the picture is that
the time is different depending on the time zone. So when itís 8:00 am
in New York, for example, itís 1:00 pm in London.
The origins of our 24 hour clock go all the way back to the
Egyptians and the Babylonians. The Egyptians divided the time from sunrise
to sunset into ten hours of daylight.
They also had two hours of twilight and twelve hours of night.
This system goes back as far as 1300 B.C.
The total is 24 hours per day, which we still have in our
time-keeping systems today.
The origin of our minute and second goes back to the Babylonians. The Babylonians did their astronomical calculations in a base 60 system. The first fractional place in this base 60 system we now call a minute. The second fractional place in this system we now call a second.
It is amazing that, after 3300 years, we are still operating on a system of time that was invented long before technology, and 2600 years before the invention of mechanical clocks (around 1300). Today we have many reasons to divide time into smaller and smaller units. Flowtime recognizes this, and it offers a system of time that harmonizes much better with our numbering systems in other areas of life. Most of these are based on the idea of ten. Decimal systems are very intuitive because we have ten fingers, and people find counting to ten on their fingers to be very intuitive.
Flowtime: An alternative system based on decimal time
This article proposes an alternative time system based on
decimal time. While there are
clear advantages to having everyone be on the same time system, there are
also some important advantages to a decimal time system.
But first, what is the proposal?
The proposal for decimal time is to switch the counting of
minutes and seconds from sixty divisions to 100 divisions.
This proposal does not include any change in the number of hours
per day. It only proposes to
increase the number of minutes in one hour from 60 to 100.
Likewise, it increases the number of seconds in a minute from 60 to
To easily convert from oldtime to flowtime, take the minutes or seconds in oldtime and multiply by 5/3 or 1.67. The result is the minutes or seconds in flowtime. The hour remains the same.
What are the implications of this? It means that, under flowtime, instead of the time being 1:30
pm, it will be 1:50 pm. Instead
of 3:45 pm, the time will be 3:75 pm.
Here is a comparison of relative times:
Old, Regular. Boring Time Flowtime
12:00 noon 12:00 noon
2:15 pm 2:25 pm
3:30 pm 3:50 pm
5:40 pm 5:67 pm
8:50 pm 8:83 pm
Why change to flowtime?
There are several good reasons for changing to flowtime:
1. Flowtime divides time up into smaller quantities.
This gives people the potential of accomplishing more in the same
period of time. Instead of 60
minutes per hour, there are now 100 minutes.
Instead of 1440 minutes per day, there are now 2400 minutes per
day. Instead of 3600 seconds
in one hour, there are now 10,000 seconds per hour.
2. The advent of digital time makes the base-60 method of
measuring time obsolete. When
the only type of clocks were analog clocks, base-60 type clocks made more
sense. With the advent of
digital clocks, counting down from one minute 20 seconds to 59 seconds
introduces a gap as the time reaches the one-minute mark.
It would be more intuitive to go from 101 to 100 to 99 seconds,
than to go from 1 minute 1 second to 1 minute 0 seconds to 59 seconds.
3. Flowtime provides a more fine-grained analysis of time
for sporting events. A
basketball or football game played on Flowtime would have that many more
time parameters built into it. While
it will not literally make the game last longer, the possibilities for
additional plays is increased because the unit of time is smaller. The
same idea applies in daily life.
4. The advent of computers and other time-oriented equipment makes it necessary to measure time in every smaller chunks. Computer time is now measured in nanoseconds. While we donít need to measure our ordinary time in nanoseconds, flowtime gives the option of having a more fine-grained analysis of time.
5. Many time accounting systems are based on decimal time. When I was at Commercial Union Insurance Cos. in the early 1980s, I had to fill out a timesheet accounting for every minute of my time. This was done on decimal time. So for example if I worked for 3 hours and 30 minutes on a project, I wrote in 3.5 hours for that project. I always had to make that conversion from flowtime to decimal time in filling out the timesheet. Flowtime works much better with time accounting systems because it already is decimal time. (This was pointed out to me by Nora Rogers of the Flow Research staff.)
How to convert to flowtime
It is difficult to convert to flowtime until clocks become available (we're working on it!). For now, you can see a flowtime clock on this page, and also on the Flow Research website at www.flowresearch.com. In the meantime, you can become familiar with the concept of flowtime and begin to think in terms of 100-minute hours and 100 second minutes. Flowtime is here, and it is only a matter of time until it is widely adopted by those who understand its advantages!
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